Common Symptoms of a Miscarriage

The World Health Organization defines miscarriage as spontaneous expulsion of a human fetus or embryo weighing 500 grams or less which corresponds to a fetal age of 20-24 weeks or even less. Simply put, miscarriage is a stage in any pregnancy wherein the fetus or embryo cannot survive outside the mother’s womb. Miscarriage usually or often occurs before the 13th week of pregnancy although some also happens up to the 20-24 weeks of pregnancies and it happens to 1out 6 recognized pregnancies. Study shows that 60% to 70% of recognized and unrecognized pregnancies are lost even without the woman ever having known she was pregnant. Those miscarriages that occur before the 8th week, 30% have no fetus associated in the sac or placenta. This is called blighted ovum where women are surprised to learn that there was never an embryo inside the sac.
Abnormalities in the womb or uterus such as a septum, or a bridge tissue separating the uterus into sections would be a great possibility of miscarriage. In this case it would be impossible for an embryo to be implanted in the uterus. Additionally, a uterus that slanted to either side or towards the front has higher risk of miscarriage because the embryo will embed very low in the uterus.
Other Most Common Symptoms and signs of a miscarriage are the following;
1. Vaginal Bleeding and Cramping
An impending miscarriage will often exhibit some distinct symptoms, such as vaginal bleeding. It may be very mild, moderate or severe. No known particular pattern as to how long it will last. Having this symptom does not always mean a miscarriage.
2. Abdominal Pain
Severe pain in one side of the abdomen should always be investigated as an emergency, specifically if it is during the early pregnancies. It should also be noted that cramping at the abdominal or in the lower back area is not always present during a miscarriage and it may vary in its severity.
There are also other definite symptoms of miscarriage that will include weight-loss, whitish-pink discharge, cramping or aching contractions somewhere from five to twenty minutes. Early pregnancies often exhibit signs of morning sickness or soreness of breast. Fading of such signs may be an indicator of miscarriage, although this is an unreliable indicator, one should be mentioned to your GP.
At times, the causes of miscarriages are not possible to determine. It may be due to problems unknown to the mother such as Chromosomal disorders which increases as the mother gets older, it may be due to infections such as Malaria (severe cases), rubella or herpes.
In all these cases, a mother should immediately see her doctor and or midwife. There’s nothing more valuable than early detection of imminent miscarriage.

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Chlamydia Diagnoses and Treatment

Chlamydia infection is commonly referred to as the “silent” disease. It is the most common contracted sexually transmitted disease (STD), highly curable if diagnosed immediately and easy to treat, although it usually exhibit unnoticeable symptoms. Once you suspect you have chlamydia or think that you might have been infected with it, it is very necessary to get tested immediately. Untreated chlamydia infection will often cause serious damage to reproductive organs in men and women. Since this type of infection is easily transmitted through sex in humans, and since it affects most teens and young adults it is highly recommended that at least a testing should be done once a year, with or without any signs or symptoms. A screening test for women with higher risk of infections like pregnant women and those with new sexual partners or those with multiple sexual partners should also be done at least once a year.
There were simple and varied diagnosing and testing procedures that can be performed on chlamydia infections. The doctor will usually do urine test in men and cotton swab testing on women. Swab testing in women is just similar to the Pap smear test wherein a device called a speculum is inserted into the vagina to keep it open, and then a cotton swab is inserted through the speculum and brushed the inside of the cervix.
Typically, the most effective and inexpensive treatment is just a single dose of a powerful 1 gram of azithromycin antibiotic given as fluid. Of course there were also other recommended forms of treatment such as doxycycline antibiotic in pill form taken twice a day for 7 days which is also as effective as azithromycin if taken perfectly, but has a higher risk of missing the doses prescribed. A pregnant woman can also be administered with an alternative treatment. These recommended treatments are similarly effective although women with more severe chlamydia infections may require hospitalizations. Your partner must also be encouraged to be treated even if no symptom persists because it is highly worth noting that, a person treated for chlamydia infection can be re-infected by their partners. It is very advisable that you should abstain from sex especially those taking the doxycycline until you completed the prescribed regimen and that all recent sex parties should be treated.
Over 95% of the people treated for chlamydia can completely recovers, however the treatment procedures or the drugs itself cannot reverse the damage that the infections might have done to the body earlier before the administration of the treatment.

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Causes and Common Symptoms of Chlamydia Infection

In both men and women, it is not uncommon for both with chlamydia infection not to have symptom, and that may pose high risk of unknowingly infecting a partner. As a sexually transmitted infection, chlamydia is transmitted from one to another during intimate sexual contact. Although, it is very uncommon that chlamydia infections affect parts of the body other than the reproductive organ in men and women, particularly rectum, eyes and throat it cannot be denied that it greatly contribute a high degree of discomforts and easiness, especially if the rectum and eyes are infected. Fortunately for one, if the throat is infected, it does not show any symptoms.

In both sexes, men and/or women can be infected by chlamydia through unguarded vaginal sex, unguarded anal sex, unguarded oral sex, genital interaction with a unknowing infected partner, or through the sharing of sex toys. Eyes can have conjunctivitis if infected sperm or vaginal liquid comes in contact with the eyes, although it’s not very clear if infection can be extended by transmitting infected sperm or vaginal liquid on the fingers or just by chafing female genitals.
Because chlamydia is very a communicable infection, a unknowing mother with chlamydia can passed the disease to her children during childbirth. The infection will often progress after birth which can result in problems like inflammations and discharges in the child’s eyes and even pneumonia.
Due to its unnoticeable symptom characteristics, many chlamydia infections remain undiagnosed until signs and symptoms appears 1-3 weeks after coming in contact with chlamydia and often until it spread to other parts of the body.
In women, some noticeable symptoms of genital chlamydia are the cystitis or pain when urinating, changes in vaginal discharges, pain in the lower part of the abdomen, bleeding and/or pain during sexual intercourse, noticeable bleeding after sex and bleeding in between monthly periods. If left untreated, this may cause infertility, ectopic pregnancies and miscarriage in women.
In men, genital chlamydia symptoms and signs are more common than women. Some men may notice a white, watery or cloudy discharge at the top of the penis, pain in the testicles and or a sharp pain when urinating. Significantly, some mild symptoms and discomforts in men will disappear within two to three days, but it does not necessarily follow that the infection also disappears. This means that you can pass it to your sexual partner unknowingly, and you will be at higher risk of complications such as inflammation and swelling of the testicles, reactivate arthritis and finally infertility.

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