March 10, 2011 Leave a comment
The World Health Organization defines miscarriage as spontaneous expulsion of a human fetus or embryo weighing 500 grams or less which corresponds to a fetal age of 20-24 weeks or even less. Simply put, miscarriage is a stage in any pregnancy wherein the fetus or embryo cannot survive outside the mother’s womb. Miscarriage usually or often occurs before the 13th week of pregnancy although some also happens up to the 20-24 weeks of pregnancies and it happens to 1out 6 recognized pregnancies. Study shows that 60% to 70% of recognized and unrecognized pregnancies are lost even without the woman ever having known she was pregnant. Those miscarriages that occur before the 8th week, 30% have no fetus associated in the sac or placenta. This is called blighted ovum where women are surprised to learn that there was never an embryo inside the sac.
Abnormalities in the womb or uterus such as a septum, or a bridge tissue separating the uterus into sections would be a great possibility of miscarriage. In this case it would be impossible for an embryo to be implanted in the uterus. Additionally, a uterus that slanted to either side or towards the front has higher risk of miscarriage because the embryo will embed very low in the uterus.
Other Most Common Symptoms and signs of a miscarriage are the following;
1. Vaginal Bleeding and Cramping
An impending miscarriage will often exhibit some distinct symptoms, such as vaginal bleeding. It may be very mild, moderate or severe. No known particular pattern as to how long it will last. Having this symptom does not always mean a miscarriage.
2. Abdominal Pain
Severe pain in one side of the abdomen should always be investigated as an emergency, specifically if it is during the early pregnancies. It should also be noted that cramping at the abdominal or in the lower back area is not always present during a miscarriage and it may vary in its severity.
There are also other definite symptoms of miscarriage that will include weight-loss, whitish-pink discharge, cramping or aching contractions somewhere from five to twenty minutes. Early pregnancies often exhibit signs of morning sickness or soreness of breast. Fading of such signs may be an indicator of miscarriage, although this is an unreliable indicator, one should be mentioned to your GP.
At times, the causes of miscarriages are not possible to determine. It may be due to problems unknown to the mother such as Chromosomal disorders which increases as the mother gets older, it may be due to infections such as Malaria (severe cases), rubella or herpes.
In all these cases, a mother should immediately see her doctor and or midwife. There’s nothing more valuable than early detection of imminent miscarriage.